Arunachal Pradesh is one of the twenty-nine states of India. Located in northeast India, it holds the most north-eastern position among the states in the north-east region of India. Arunachal Pradesh borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south, and shares international borders with Bhutan in the west, Burma in the east and China in the north. Itanagar is the capital of the state. Arunachal Pradesh has territorial disputes with both the PRC and ROC due to its cultural, ethnic and geographic proximity to Tibet. Home to 26 indigenous tribes, Arunachal is perhaps the last sanctuary for India’s natural and anthropological heritage. Much of the state remains beyond tourism’s reach, but new areas are slowly being opened to visitors. China has never formally recognised Indian sovereignty here, and it took the surprise Chinese invasion of 1962 for Delhi to begin funding significant infrastructure (the Chinese voluntarily withdrew after a few days). Border passes are heavily guarded by the Indian military, but the atmosphere is generally calm. Arunachal has been relatively untouched by political violence, though Naga rebels are active in the state's far-eastern corner.
How to reach
The nearest airport is Lilabari (North Lakhimpur) Tezpur Airport in Assam, which is connected to Kolkata. Few low cost airlines and full service carriers operate regular flights to these airports from all prime cities of India.
The nearest railway station is Harmuty, which is only 33 km from Itanagar. North Lakhimpur in Assam is the most convenient railhead.
At a distance of 10 km from Itanagar is the Naharlagun bus station. The excellent network of roads links Naharlagun with other important places like Shillong, Guwahati, Ziro, North Lakhimpur and Bomdila.
Things to do
Arunachal is jam-packed with things to do. The hardest part of planning your holiday will be deciding which to do first! Exploring Arunachal's magnificent landscape and coastline tops the list for many. If adventure is your game, there's a long list of thrilling activities to get your blood racing. Or if it's a relaxing holiday you're after, hot pools, vineyards and cultural attractions will keep you entertained.
A major part of Arunachal Pradesh is covered with lush evergreen forests. Foreign tourists, particularly adventure seekers are regular visitors who come here to explore the numerous trekking routes located in the mountains. For trekkers, the Bomdila-Tawang area offers enormous scope. The area around Tawang Chu is both interesting and challenging for trekkers. Starting from Jong, one can trek to Mago passing through a breathtaking jungle where one can see some superb waterfalls.
Angling & Fishing in Arunachal Pradesh India offers lots of opportunities for angling and fishing lovers. The abundance of water and the simplicity of the sport have helped the sport to grow in Arunachal Pradesh India. Arunachal Pradesh offers numerous possibilities to catch fish especially trout and Mahseer.Throughout the planet, catching a Golden Mahseer is rated as an important accomplishment by anglers. Mahseer is very tough to catch – as it puts on a fight once it is hooked.
Those who have a penchant for river sports make it a point to indulge in rafting on the Siang River which is so thrilling. Geographical explorers of the past used to address this river as the ‘Missing link’ while trying to unravel the link between the Brahmaputra of Assam and Tibet’s Tsangpo River. As per Tibetan belief, the Siang River is considered as ‘horse mouth river ‘and its sands are actually emeralds that flows towards east. They also believe that one can become as strong as a horse by drinking its water.
At a time when the population of the big cat family is declining rapidly in other parts of the world, Arunachal Pradesh proudly enjoys the distinction of having the big four namely tiger, leopard, clouded leopard and snow leopard in its jungles. At a time when the population of the big cat family is declining rapidly in other parts of the world, Arunachal Pradesh proudly enjoys the distinction of having the big four namely tiger, leopard, clouded leopard and snow leopard in its jungles.
The culture of Arunachal Pradesh is truly varied in the sense that the state has 26 major tribes including sub-tribes. Every tribe has their own unique set of traditions and customs. The major tribes of Arunachal are: Adi, Galo, Aka, Apatani, Nyishi, Tagins, Bori, and Bokar etc. The culture of Arunachal Pradesh is truly varied in the sense that the state has 26 major tribes including sub-tribes.
Arunachal Pradesh is gifted with many spiritually important places like Tawang Monastary, Urgyelling Gompa, Chillipam Gompa, Golden Pagoda, Dangoria Baba temple, Shivlinga at Kardo Hills, Parasuram Kund, Akahshiganga, Malinithan, and many more. One can immerse itself in the spirituality of these places and enjoy the spiritual side of Arunachal Pradesh.
Arunachal Pradesh has many notable spots that bear testimony to its rich heritage. One such landmark is the magnificent Tawang Monastery which is 113 feet long and 80 feet wide. Built in 17th century, this monastery is inhabited by Buddhist monks belonging to the Mahayana School of Buddhism (Gelukpa sect). Many valuable antiquities as well as handwritten and printed books and manuscripts on Buddhism can be found here.